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Fifth step in the project management life cycle

Fifth step in the project management life cycle
Fifth step in the project management life cycle

Students have asked us for what is the fifth step in the project management life cycle. Project management cycle has five main steps which includes, initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and control. The final step in project management and fifth stage is the process of closing a project. This article of the five stages of project life cycle explains most vital steps in the project management life cycle. These allows the team to develop strategies and methods to evaluate and document the project success and measure progress or failure.

Project mistakes are possible for any project hence why managers adapt the process of monitoring and evaluation to improve the project. Any project manager, understands in order to build stronger processes and more successful teams there is need for Result based monitoring and evaluation and avoid bad project management practices. A project life cycle is a five-step process used when progressing from one stage, following project scope to its completion. Definition of a project life cycle has simply a process that outlines stages of a project from its start to the end (closing). The cycle helps project managers know at which stage there, resources needed and if there’s progress or changes necessary to be implemented.

Fifth step in the project management

Project closing: This is the final process of the project activity cycle where the project eventually comes to its completion. During the project closing phase, project report is made to the sponsor or client of the project. Project closing documents the challenges and ultimate success of the completed project. The closure process includes submission of results to sponsor or client, submission of documentation to owner, and its the last stage on five stages of project life cycle. Closing of projects includes termination of contract with supplier, release of staff and equipment, and notification to stakeholders of project completion.

Ways to commonly close a project

Every project comes to end because a project has defined time frame in which its supposed to be completed. The most commonly used methods to close a project are Technical, learning, people, Reporting. These are the four ways to commonly close a project in the world that project managers implement at the end of projects.

  1. During the technical phase, project managers work around the clock to clean up loose ends.
  2. The learning phase, helps project managers to evaluate what did and didn’t work through evaluation, as well as how to improve.
  3. In the people phase, when closing a project its about appreciating the team members and releasing them.
  4. Reporting ensure project documents are properly filed, storing or destroying files at the end of a project, analysis of knowledge management that should be followed and other formal process in place.

Project management principles and process

Project management principles and process create clear and concise project goals, manages future project risks, creating performance baseline, and measuring project success. Importantly paly a vital role during final step in the project management life cycle of any project.

Project management articles

Universities offering project management in Zambia

Universities offering project management in Zambia
Universities offering project management in Zambia

Colleges and Universities Offering Bachelor of Science in Project Management in Zambia: Reason you must study project management includes the fact that this is one of the best professions out there today. We already previously discussed how much does a project manager get in Zambia. Project Manager in Zambia earns around 8,880 ZMK per month minimum. But it is very important to put into consideration that the salaries for project managers, range from 5,020 ZMK (lowest) to 13,100 ZMK (highest) including housing, transport, and other benefits.

Project management provides needed knowledge and skills for managing successful projects in an organized manner. This includes the analyzing of processes, methods, knowledge and experience to achieve specific objectives of the project.

Below is a complete list for some of the best Universities offering project management in Zambia. Universities for project management are ranking in Africa, for good academic services and certified to provide project management training to students, equipping them with knowledge and cognitive skills to become effective project managers.

Best places to study project management in Zambia

  1. Victoria Falls University of Technology , Livingstone.
  2. Kenneth Kaunda Metropolitan University, Lusaka.
  3. Sylva University, Lusaka.
  4. Northrise University, Ndola.
  5. ICU Secretariat Findeco House, 16th floor.
  6. University of Zambia (UNZA)
  7. Copperbelt University (CBU)
  8. Kenneth Kaunda Metropolitan University, Lusaka.
  9. Mulungushi University , Kabwe.
  10. Sylva University, Lusaka.
  11. Cavendish University.
  12. University of Lusaka

Subjects in project management

Most students need to know if project management has mathematics. Well the answer is NO, project management doesn’t require math, but it has some concepts such as earned value management and risk calculation. These concepts may require you to work with quantitative data. Quantitative mathematics is very easy especially in project management and anyone even if you’re not good with math.

Main subjects include Management, Planning, Managerial Economics, Strategy Formulation, and Risk Management. Other various courses mainly deal with monitoring and evaluation, data collection, tools and techniques. To learn more about project management and course structure, visit our course outline article. Subjects highlight as to why project leader is higher than project manager, Risk management in a healthcare organization and the difference between risk owner and risk manager. Upon the completion one should be able to understand scope of projects and its importance for managers also functions of monitoring and evaluation.

Does Mulungushi University offer project management?

Mulungushi University offers one of the best online Masters of Business Leadership in Project Management. The program is designed to equip the students with the planning and execution knowledge needed to guide workflows of projects from beginning to successful completion.

Does University of Lusaka offer project management?

Yes University of Lusaka offers project management courses both Masters and short course based which you can enroll through the website. This program explain how successful projects are organized and administered. Students at University of Lusaka learn about project life cycles in project management, tools and techniques for structured project planning and risk management. The institution is also ranked best among Universities offering project management in Zambia.

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Bad Project Management Examples

Bad Project Management Examples
Bad Project Management Examples

In this article discussed are bad project management examples, which can lead to project management failures and famous project management failures. These are sometimes referred to as project failure examples and examples of failed projects due to poor communication. Bad project management examples shared below have always been a reason for project failure.

Below are project failure examples and failed projects case studies project management pdf

What is project management failure? Project management failure is a situation where the project fails to operate within the expected project scope, meeting quality, and completed within a specified period. In Project management course We have already defined the stages of a project, hence any project becomes a success if it meets the expected quality and goals. This is what causes poor project management, and what are the common risks that lead to project failure. Principles of monitoring and evaluation, helps us to find examples of failed projects due to poor communication and other related factors causing issues also called bad characteristics of project managers .

What could be an example of project failure as a project manager?

Things like Poor leadership skills, Poor communication skills, Poor problem-solving skills , Poor delegation skills and Luck of Integrity, these are major elements in project management which can slow a project down, and impact it negatively.

Lewis (2003) in he’s book further explained, “Any successful project manager is supposed to be aware of the capacity of their team”. He or she should also able to think before clinching the deal and say no if needs be. Putting the well-being of a project team and managing realistic expectations is a crucial project management approach (Edwards 1986).

Reasons for project failure

Therefore, the most common reasons projects fail, and qualities which make it difficult to be a successful and effective project manager today, following factors can definitely make a project fail, this Includes bad project management examples;

1. Poor leadership skills

Good leadership skills are essential for any project manager when it comes to the successful project management which requires strong leadership skills on behalf of the manager overseeing the project. As a project manager, one must be able to effectively lead, direct and control the team from start to finish ensuring the efficient completion of a project.

A project manager must also be a leader, being a good leader means that it will be possible to motivate the project team to perform at their best throughout the project and ensure all team members have a clear understanding of what is expected of them.

Poor leadership is the #1 reason projects fail and one of the most common reasons of why projects often fail. Through a Result based monitoring and evaluation, Researchers conducted a survey on projects in 2022, which have indicated poor communication skills or managers and luck of good leadership quality are the major factors in project failure.

2. Poor communication skills

Poor communication skills are also another factor that prevents someone from becoming an effective project manager. Effectiveness correlates to been successful in producing a desired or intended result. Managers are problem solvers and must able to communicate while making the assessments of the team’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities through techniques such as SWOT analysis and be able to decide how to best utilize effective communication throughout the project completion process.

This helps to bring everyone on the same page. Effective management of projects requires clear and competent communication to attain the expectations, goals and responsibilities. Keeping lines of communication open with your team can ensure the team fully understands what is expected of them at all times. It can also help the project team feel free to communicate in case of a problem.

3. Poor problem-solving skills

Poor problem-solving skills are needed in order to be a successful project manager and be able to solve a variety of problems throughout all stages of a project. In every project there some issues that may need to be solved and could involve team members, clients or stakeholders related to the project.

Managers must be problem leaders who poses a skill for problem solving and be able to think ahead of the problem, take the risk, responsibility and address the problems which is key to ensuring the project is completed in an efficient and timely manner.

4. Poor delegation skills

Poor delegation skills are vital to becoming a successful project manager, in order to be able to assign and oversee tasks, which is a fundamental component of successful project management. As the project manager, one should have the ability to access the skills of project teams and sign tasks based on these skills.

Team-building skills are another important thing one must poses in order to be an effective project manager. Inability to develop and build a good team builder can delay the project and lead to wastage of resources. Team building skills help to bring people together and that works as a unit to complete a project. Leading a team towards a common purpose and keeping the enthusiasm and motivation alive throughout the entire project will make you a better project manager and leader.

5. Luck of Integrity

Luck of Integrity, sometimes also referred to as loyalty or honesty, is an important quality for a project manager to have in order to be a successful project manager. Integrity can help to set a good example for the team to follow and make them more likely to follow that example. It also shows the team that you are committed as a project manager towards the project and are willing to see it through to the end at all costs.

Integrity additionally fosters trust from the team and promotes an ethical and responsible work environment. According to James (1998) the four ethical values of project management, includes honesty, responsibility, respect and fairness which are the values that drive ethical conduct for the project management profession, according to the Project Management Institute (PMI) which our website is affiliated to as a partner for project management content distribution to help you know Bad Project Management Examples.

Project management articles

Result based monitoring and evaluation

What is Result based monitoring and evaluation
What is Result based monitoring and evaluation

What is Result based monitoring and evaluation: Result Based Monitoring definition, this is a systematic approach for monitoring performance of projects or programs to ensure they are on the right path. Its based on the form of monitoring and evaluation that focuses entirely on obtaining long-term results of projects instead of the short-term based output.

Result Based Monitoring in today’s world in important for may factors, which we later discuss. But one of the most important roles results based monitoring and evaluation plays is that, its among examples of monitoring and evaluation activities, and that it helps the process of programs. Another importance is that result-based monitoring, enhances the effectiveness of development programs and projects.

Importance of result based monitoring and evaluation

Why is results-based monitoring and evaluation important? [Answer] Results-Based M&E (RBM&E) is important because it focuses on monitoring the performance of inputs and activities of a project, rather than just evaluating project results or performance of outcomes and impacts.

The above statement clearly defines the importance of results-based monitoring and evaluation, and why its useful when it comes to process for monitoring and evaluation process.

Reasons that are supporting the use of results-based monitoring and evaluation includes;

  • Helping of project program and plan to be more effective.
  • Makes it possible to determine the project success and need for improvement.
  • Introduces strategy for effective targeting and planning for project success.
  • Proper task scheduling of the project deliverables.
  • Outlines factors affecting the project successes.
  • Prevents wastage of project resources .
  • Project can easily determine the status of the project or program.

Monitoring and evaluation results model

Monitoring and evaluation results model strengthens the program process and institutionally giving direction to measure and achieve the desired outcomes. Makes it easy for project managers to understand what the program is doing, changes needed to be implemented and how its going to achieve the objectives and whether there changes needed for improvement.

READ: Project Management course

This method is also called monitoring and result management. Result Based Monitoring definition, has other important uses such as enhancing the effectiveness projects, and give direction for the development of programs and projects which have been implemented by Government organizations and those in the private sector by following principles of monitoring and evaluation.

Project management articles

Principles of monitoring and evaluation

What are the principles of monitoring and evaluation?
Working Group analyzing Reports

Principles of monitoring and evaluation help to provide the direction a project manager is supposed to follow when formulating a monitoring and evaluation system (M & E). Process of Principles of monitoring and evaluation lead to corrective actions during implementation of a project or program. Through these principles it becomes easy to know how evaluations are conducted, and helps us to determines determine the project plausibility, probability and adequacy of a project and process on how its objectives will be achieved.

Principles of monitoring and evaluation

7 Basic Principles of monitoring and evaluation are;

  1. Timely
  2. Adaptive
  3. Participatory
  4. Empowerment
  5. Focus
  6. Useful
  7. Simple

Main Principles of Monitoring and evaluation


M&E must be a timely process so that its easy to produce the results that can still be used for the purpose of improvement. Having a good timely monitoring and evaluation process gives relevance to the intervention itself. Building a timely monitoring evaluation program, must ideally start at the beginning of the project or an intervention.

2. Adaptive

A monitoring and evaluation program and intervention must be adaptive, ready to change as the challenges surface and remain focused during the implementation process. M&E is always about learning from the past experience and making comparisons on how to facilitate improvements.

Implementation of adaptive measures, makes the development plan and intervention easy to follow and change at any time in order to create a working strategy. Been adaptive creates a way to monitor indicators which may affect the project or program and make it difficult for data collection, and if in place managers may not the expected results.

3. Participatory

Participation in monitoring and evaluation serves two purposes. Participatory ensures the views and plan is shared among the stakeholders and beneficiaries of the intervention. Opens a way of different stakeholders to share ideas, collecting better results through participatory which are achieved. Participation empowers all people with different ideas and invites the stakeholders to join the project plan through the open sharing of information.

4. Empowerment

Empowerment in monitoring and evaluation is the process of assisting all project contributors and available stakeholders to achieve their full potential. Empowerment involves building people to the full capacity so they may effectively execute and help the project succeed. The process of empowerment, makes those that are ‘strong’ to be the helping partners for building the ‘weaker’ partner by helping them to grow.

Empowerment always provides the different kinds of support to the other contributors and employees working towards the fulfilling of a project. Gradually, this helps to establish the ways of which people can be helped to take on more responsibility, by empowering them with knowledge, technical know-how, information and equipment.

5. Focus

Focus is really important to the main stakeholders during the initiation of a monitoring and evaluation system in order to get the expected results. To ‘focus’ means those in charge of monitoring and evaluation must ensure the project intervention does not deviate from the original plan and if its archiving the intended purpose.

Focus helps them come up with the need to know the main objectives for the intervention, and what it is trying to achieve. Its important to remain focused during process of monitoring evaluation, because it leads to clear planning, creating useful documents for the stakeholders and avoid unintended problems which may surface in future.

6. Useful

Usefulness ensures M&E provides useful information for the different stakeholders which guides them on the relevance and direction of a project or program. Monitoring evolution has to be useful to provide information that is relevant and focus on the problems it intends to solve. Program collected must be useful for the intended conclusions, to the stakeholders and project beneficiaries that the intervention has come to improve.

7. Simple

Its important to always Keep the M&E system as simple as possible for the easy understanding of information, plan and procedures. The monitoring and evaluation should have a good, easy for managers to understand methodology and customize it for anyone to understand, not deviating from the context. It should always be simple for stakeholders to learn the project process and conclusions also how the evaluation process is going to be finalized. Simple in appropriate data collection for the project, it should explain basic information not too rigid.

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Examples of monitoring and evaluation activities

Examples of monitoring and evaluation activities
Examples of monitoring and evaluation activities

Examples of monitoring and evaluation activities: What are the activities of monitoring and evaluation? This article explains and shares the most significant methods and activities involved in monitoring. Usually these activities focuses on processes, such as where activities occur, and the people who delivers them. Examples of monitoring and evaluation activities show the systematic assessment of an activity on a project, project managers, and those in charge of the programme, strategy, policy, topic, theme, sector, use these activities in order to come up with an operational strategy for better project performance.

5 Examples of monitoring and evaluation activities

Examples of monitoring and evaluation activities focuses on processes which are Data collection, Baseline surveys, Data gathering methods, Costs evaluations and interviews.

1. Data Collection

This is where you will find the data for your indicators e.g.: a course register, an interview, a survey, an audit. Choose appropriate sources, bearing in mind issues such as reliability, data quality, resource available. For example collecting data for number of nurses scoring 75% or more in post-training assessment.

2. Baseline Survey

Examples of monitoring and evaluation activities is to develop the records for the indicator before the project began. Your baseline does not change as the project progresses; it is the means by which you can show the difference that your project has made. At the end of the project, you can compare your results to the baseline to see how far you have moved. Ideally, use the same source of information that you will use to measure later in the project. An example of a baseline survey is to measure a baseline data, in this regard it would be the number of Nurses observed to lack skill y compared to those with skill x.

3. Data gathering methods

Data gathering methods help us to determine what expertise is needed, partnership already available, and oversight for gathering the data. Other things includes how much time available to do these tasks. For example, collecting data on UK volunteers delivering training and assessment. Taking note of those that have been scoring to take the first place within 1 day of training. This is one of the best examples of monitoring and evaluation activities.

4. Costs evaluations

Costs evaluations involves process of monitoring and evaluation the total costs for each aspect of data gathering and materials. Evaluators also measure the time and resource cost to transport people. Frequency and Timeframe, means how often must you collect the data. It alos outlines the information feasible and given the time what can be attained with human resource available.

Examples includes printing costs for hard copy assessments. Costs for developing country partner coordinator to communicate results and concerns to UKP. Feedback to institution management to happen following each training session with a summary and actions.

5. Interviews

Examples of monitoring and evaluation activities, includes developing the semi-structured interviews; finding the focus group and drafting of discussions. Making of surveys and questionnaires to collect data for your survey, inviting people and respodents to regular workshops and communication with stakeholders and field monitoring visits in the area.

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Legitimate power in project Management

Legitimate power in project Management
Legitimate power in project Management

This article is about Legitimate power in project Management, but first what is a legitimate power? Accoring to the project management institute, Legitimate power in project Management is the formal authority project managers are given within an organization. This types of power in project managment comes with a position or responsibility.

Legitmate power is position based form of power and one practices it by virtue of becoming a project manager or leader. In any efficient project management system, and some African countries, the more powerful project managers are the more they earn. This is the case even for Zambia based on salaries for 2022, it has been observed that there are different levels of power, important for the structure of the working environment.

Some examples of legitimate power

What are some examples of legitimate power? Legitimate power is position and responsibility related in all organizations and sectors of life. People with legitmate power, includes bank managers, project managers, dean of students, presidents, chief financial accountants, project leaders and company directors etc. The following is another example of legitimate power, which is derived from the organizational role or position are person holds in this case a project manager. For example, a risk manager, is a boss can assign responsibilities. Another example, would be a health and safety personnel who can be told which form of risks to pay close attention to and they will have to obey the instruction by all means.

Difference between legitimate power and expert power

What is the difference between legitimate power and expert power? well the major difference is that Expert power is the power that one has which comes with knowledge, skill or professional experience. It relates to the expert knowledge, for example a surgeon is an expert in that filed hence nurses when working on an operation just have to follow his command and instructions.But Legitimate power is the form of power you get to have through job position or a role you’re currently assigned to. For example branch managers in banks give daily responsibilities to bank cashiers and accountants.

Project managers have legitimate power

Do all managers have legitimate power? Legitimate power comes from the manager’s current position in the organization and the authority which governs the responsibility that lies in that position they poses as a manager. Subordinates and junior employees of the organization just have to acknowledge the legitimate power.

They follow the managers lead and direction, or a set f instructions that comes by virtue of them been in a position that represents an organization. Managers acquire and legitimize power by holding an office position of authority on certain activities of the organization. People with legitimate power always have the “right” to direct, control, or command subordinates to do things, who therefore comply based on the instructions.

Consequences of legitimate power

What are the consequences of legitimate power? Consistent high levels of legitimate power have a negative effect on the other employees and can destroy the voluntary cooperation. High levels of legitimate power if not properly controled can make the people in authority abuse others and increase perceptions of coercive power, which can lead to enforced employee compliance.

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Types of power in project management

Five main types of power in project management
Five main types of power in project management

Role of power in project management provides the ability to influence key players on a project in the decision-making process improtatnt to achieve a desired goal.Role of power in project management is to provide basis for getting what one wants. Project managers need to have power and understand the five main types of power in project management, in order to influence the team members on the project and can sometimes feel powerless without these powers, which includes power of promotion, reward systems, hiring and firing.

Read: Why project leader is higher than project manager

Role of power in project management provides origin for the main types of power in project management and why they are very important for every manager to have for the sucess of the project follwoing types of power in project management.

Power in project management

Power in project management is defined as the ability and authority to influence project key players in the process of decision-making to achieve a desired project goal or deliverables. In other words, Power in project management, provides a basis for getting what one wants in this case a project manager would want to archive project deliverables such as finishing on time, ensuring workers report for work and performance maintaned by following the project scope.

What are the five main types of power in project management?

Here’s 5 types of power you can use as a project manager

  1. Reward power: This type of power ensures targeted persons who have complied with the manager in following instructions receive rewards. A reward can be a form of salary increament, promotion, or holiday get away and sometimes even a gift in form of car.
  2. Coercive power: The targeted persons working on a project comply in order to avoid punishments
  3. Legitimate power: The targeted persons believe that they are obligated to obey the leader or manager of the project
  4. Expert power: The targeted persons comply believing that project manager has special knowledge for leading them and mostly look up to them for motivation and direction
  5. Referent power: The targeted persons comply to gain project manager’s approval who has granted them power and authority to do certain tasks.

What type of power does a project manager have?

Project managers have five main types of power in project management, which are legitmate power, reward power, expert power, coercive porwer, and referent power. Punishment powers are examples of coercive and legitmate power because managers get things done just by been a project manager. The position of the project manager been in charge comes with these forms of power. Expert and referent powers are examples of personal power in project management.

What is the best power of project manager?

The best form of power for project managers depends upon the situation, type of project and the maturity level or qualification of the project manager. Best power of project manager are personal powers, which consists of Expert and Referent powers, these are better than positional powers, namely Legitimate and Reward power.

Leadership styles in project management

Despite having powers working as a project manager, there is great need for also having leadership styles in project management. To achieve the best results as project managers in more situations when dealing with people, project managers should lean more to be in charge and taking the role of visionary and participative leadership form of management styles.

Common styles of leadership in project management

  • Authoritarian Leadership.
  • Participative Leadership.
  • Delegative Leadership.
  • Transactional Leadership.
  • Transformational Leadership.

How is leadership important to project management and for five main types of power in project management. Leaders Motivate and Inspire this is why its very mportant in project management. We have already discussed as to why the Leadership role is higher than that of Managers, but in their focus on implementing processes, these two key roles are important for every project if its to succeed or fail.

Leaders help to control their people and the improvement of working environment, including providing their work assignments, salaries, schedules, and working on time by measuring the project deliverables, etc. Project managers continuously develop important leadership skills for communication, risk mamanement, planning, monitoring evaluation and in motivating and inspiring of project teams.


  • Formal power in project management is the type of power based on the position a project manager poses and holds.
  • Expert power in project management is the power that is derived from the experience one has and commands people.
  • Coercive power in project management is the form of power one poses to get things done by using punishment or threats to get the things done
  • Legitmate power comes from the postion one holds, by virual of been appointed project manager one automatically poses this form of power
  • Referent power is given by superior managers to people in order to command other workers to the needed tasks and resposnsibilities.
  • 5 types of power you can use as a project manager shenoy are coercive, legitmate, expert, referent, and reward power.
  • Ingratiating power and politics in project management has to do with the power project managers are given or derive from political influence. This power gives them a right to perform certain activities in the name of the ministry, which the project represents. For example health projects mostly are funded by health ministries and the government, therefore project managers in charge of those projects work for that ministry or project sponsor after studying project Management course.
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Why project leader is higher than project manager

Why project leader is higher than project manager
Why project leader is higher than project manager

Is project lead higher than project manager? In project management this is one of the most commonly asked question therefore in this article we answer, Why project leader is higher than project manager. Lets first start by understanding the Project lead roles and responsibilities, which includes developing project team, making schedules and they assist in the successful onboarding of project activities and training of new team members.

Project leaders create a structure for people to follow working on a project and communicate a clear voice, by coming up with a motivational strategy incase of a draw back or challenge. Leaders also provide project memebers with emotional support to work on the project and make people feel valued.

Project lead or project leader: A project leader leads people and makes sure a project activities are carried through. The project leaders are people with the responsibility and engages the project team, by educating, motivating them to work, taking care of their needs, social, and moral support aswell as coming up with ways of maintaining a friendly environment for the archievement of productive work.

What is difference between project lead and project manager?

  • The main difference between the two is that, project leaders make plans, while project managers people to solve problems.
  • Leaders have a broad vision of the organization or goal of the project. While project managers fiocus on archiving the task at hand and activity.
  • Project leaders are risk takes while project managers only describe the problem to leaders without taking leadership role.
  • Project leaders are come up with strategies through their inspiring attitude, leaders help generate long-term plans and ideas.
  • Project managers have an outline for what they need to do at that particluar time.
  • Project leaders stimulate ideas and procedures the people involved in the project need to follow in order to achieve their goals.
  • A project manager supports the team following project scope for delivery of a business outcome, while a project leader mainly collaborates on the ways to ensure achievement of a business outcome.
  • A person can be a manager without leading or a leader without managing. 
  • Managers are concerned about how work is completed and try to get people to work together and perform better. 
  • Leaders try to get people to agree about the most important things to be done and value flexibility, innovation, and adaptation. 
  • As an organization becomes larger and more complex, the importance of managing increases and as the external environment becomes more dynamic and uncertain, the importance of leadership increases.

Project roles and responsibilities

Project roles and responsibilities for both leaders and project managers ensure a very successful project which requires the project team to participate in the planning process is available. Project roles and responsibilities of project leader makes people to buy-in to the project plan, and be responsible for completion of project assignments. Project roles and responsibilities ensure there is a well defined formal structure for the project managers and for the project team.

Project leadership skills

The key resposibilities and skills of project leaders which make for project success, includes team management. Project leaders are the captain of their project team. Leaders ensure strategic conflict resolution are in place to unite employees incase of a dispute, leading by example to enusure nothing slows down on a a project and motivate people, while proposing and shepherding changes in a project.

Project manager skills

Project manager responsibilities and skills of managers includes information sharing about the project, decision making, influencing the employees in the direction of the organization’s mission, objective and goal. Managers also help to develop and maintain relationships during the operations of a project.

Managers of projects devise plans, develop schedule, develop budget, allocate resources, develop policies and procedures, and execute projects Make decisions on schedule, cost, scope, and resources even under uncertainty Monitor and control project success factors.

Communicate with stakeholders on the progress of the project Communicate with company executives, functional managers, peers, and subordinates; meet schedules, solve problems, achieve project scope and objectives, and maintain smooth relationships with peers; mediate conflicts between individuals

Project leader vs project manager salary

Project leader vs project manager salary sums up why project leader is higher than project manager. Project Managers in any project play the leading role in the process of planning, executing, monitoring, controlling, and project closing. A project leader ensures the overall delivery of business outcome, utilizing the vailable resources to provide solutions.

According to Indeed Salaries for the year 2022, project leaders make an annual average salary of $75,304, while majority of project managers have an annual salary of $85,825.

Project manager job description and salary shows the average salary for a project manager in the United States is $85,825. Depending on the industry and the skill, and education level. project leaders make a monthly average salary of $75,304.

Clearly this shows despite leadership role in project management been higher than project managers, salaries are paid based on the overall activities these two perform of which project managers earn more than leaders in the USA. For other countries like Zambia, UK, Canada, India and China, and most european countries, project leaders earn twice the amount of project managers.

Is project lead higher than project manager

Conclusion, is project lead higher than project manager? Yes the project leaders role is higher than project manager roles and responsibilities. This is because project leaders think on what the organization requires, and might archieve if the project is a success. Leaders focus on esuring the right thing is done and not if we’re doning the right thing. Project managers only execute plans which a leader has formulated. Project managers also manage the budget, staffing of employees and responsibilities of team members to ensure deadlines are met and on schedule. Importantly why project leader is higher than project manager, is that project leaders always manage the team’s effectiveness, of which without it the project can be a fialure. Leaders employ their strategy from past experience to motivate and help generate new project ideas to achieve overall desired goals.

To answer who is higher project lead or project manager? Leaders understand the critical roles of project managers, which includes communication management, resource management, procurement, scope, quality, time, schedule, budgeting and project closing. Project leaders think while project managers execute, so the sucess of a project depends on leaders are also managers in nature, but a manager can not be a leader sometimes.

Project management articles

Risk management in a healthcare organization

Who is responsible for risk management in healthcare
Who is responsible for risk management in healthcare

Who is responsible for risk management in a healthcare organization? Risk management in a healthcare organization has everything to do with this question.The role of a risk manager in a hospital is to prevent situations that can result in losses of life, accidents, patient harm or any form of liability. We already discussed the difference between risk owner and risk manager, healthcare risks includes the loss of life, patient privacy policy breaches, clinical or medical errors, with governing healthcare agencies for project risk management in the USA.

Who is responsible for risk management in healthcare?

[Answer] A person in charge and responsible for risk management in healthcare is a health risk manager. This is a professional with a responsibility of making assessments, minimizes various forms of risks in the hospital among the health staff, and patients. Healthcare risk manager prevents any risk in public hospitals and puts measures in place to reduce risks in health care organizations. These are risk owner in project management, they work together with hospital specialists and health care administrators, who play a vital role in ensuring safety, prevent financial loss and patient problems likely to occur.

What is a risk management department healthcare?

Risk management in healthcare comprises of all the administrative clinical systems, healthcare processes, and hospital reports employed to monitor, detect, assess, and mitigate any form of risks to prevent it affecting the hospital’s daily activities. These are the key concepts of risk management in healthcare

Risk management in healthcare examples

Types of risks in hospitals includes;

  • Not filling expired prescriptions to prevent abuse.
  • Not admitting patients on time.
  • Increased loss of lives.
  • Poor disease control and infection measures
  • Following up on missing test results to increase consultations.
  • Tracking missed appointments to manage risks.
  • Laws, regulations, standards, corporate compliance.
  • Medicare conditions of participation.
  • Privacy, confidentiality (data breach)
  • Infection prevention and control.
  • Increased patient complaints from poor services
  • Increasing communication with patients to reduce improper taking of medication.
  • Low rate of patients cured.
  • Preventing falls and immobility.
  • Medical records and discovery.
  • Human resources, credentialing, staffing.
  • Patients human rights.
  • Medication management.

Principles of risk management in healthcare?

Principles of risk management in healthcare is to start with Risk Identification the process of documenting potential risks and then categorizing the actual risks the business faces. Risk Analysis which evaluates the form of risk and level. Response Planning ensures measures are placed in place to deal with the risk. Risk Mitigation provides way of dealing with the risk, either through avoidance or transfer to an insurance company. Finally risk Risk Monitoring is the last principle which provides feedback on the status of the risk and if more action is needed. The components of risk management in healthcare, includes establishing the context, Identify risks, Analyze risks, Evaluate risks and manage risks.

What are the 3 areas of risk management in healthcare

Key areas of risk management in healthcare includes organisational, clinical, public health and safety risks. There are crucial components on risk management that must be considered from this article is that when creating a risk management framework for healthcare. Risk identification techniques in healthcare includes performing risk analysis and monitoring.

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