Legitimate power in project Management
Legitimate power in project Management

This article is about Legitimate power in project Management, but first what is a legitimate power? Accoring to the project management institute, Legitimate power in project Management is the formal authority project managers are given within an organization. This types of power in project managment comes with a position or responsibility.

Legitmate power is position based form of power and one practices it by virtue of becoming a project manager or leader. In any efficient project management system, and some African countries, the more powerful project managers are the more they earn. This is the case even for Zambia based on salaries for 2022, it has been observed that there are different levels of power, important for the structure of the working environment.

Some examples of legitimate power

What are some examples of legitimate power? Legitimate power is position and responsibility related in all organizations and sectors of life. People with legitmate power, includes bank managers, project managers, dean of students, presidents, chief financial accountants, project leaders and company directors etc. The following is another example of legitimate power, which is derived from the organizational role or position are person holds in this case a project manager. For example, a risk manager, is a boss can assign responsibilities. Another example, would be a health and safety personnel who can be told which form of risks to pay close attention to and they will have to obey the instruction by all means.

Difference between legitimate power and expert power

What is the difference between legitimate power and expert power? well the major difference is that Expert power is the power that one has which comes with knowledge, skill or professional experience. It relates to the expert knowledge, for example a surgeon is an expert in that filed hence nurses when working on an operation just have to follow his command and instructions.But Legitimate power is the form of power you get to have through job position or a role you’re currently assigned to. For example branch managers in banks give daily responsibilities to bank cashiers and accountants.

Project managers have legitimate power

Do all managers have legitimate power? Legitimate power comes from the manager’s current position in the organization and the authority which governs the responsibility that lies in that position they poses as a manager. Subordinates and junior employees of the organization just have to acknowledge the legitimate power.

They follow the managers lead and direction, or a set f instructions that comes by virtue of them been in a position that represents an organization. Managers acquire and legitimize power by holding an office position of authority on certain activities of the organization. People with legitimate power always have the “right” to direct, control, or command subordinates to do things, who therefore comply based on the instructions.

Consequences of legitimate power

What are the consequences of legitimate power? Consistent high levels of legitimate power have a negative effect on the other employees and can destroy the voluntary cooperation. High levels of legitimate power if not properly controled can make the people in authority abuse others and increase perceptions of coercive power, which can lead to enforced employee compliance.

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